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Lowering Your Heat Pump Bill (All Year)

If you already own a heat pump, you know that it’s the most efficient type of electric heating and cooling. It provides up to three times more heat than the energy it uses. It can also reduce the electricity use for heating by about 50 percent (compared to the furnace or baseboard heating options). There are three kinds of heat pumps: air-to-air, geothermal and water sourced. They collect heat from the air, ground or water and transfer it into the inside of the home. A heat pump is also an efficient air conditioner, working in the reverse as it collects the heat inside the home and pumps it outside.

Many of the guidelines you have heard for lowering a furnace or A/C bill are the opposite when it comes to a heat pump. We’ve compiled a few tips for ensuring your heat pump bill is as low as it can be (while keeping your household comfortable).

Heat Pumps Should Run (Almost) All the Time

Unlike traditional air conditioners and furnaces, a heat pump is more efficient when it is running most of the time. The supply air temperature is lower than a gas or oil furnace, so a heat pump runs longer to generate the same amount of heat. In the winter, when temps get close to 30 degrees, a heat pump will run continuously. Remember that this is what it is designed to do.


Clean the filter once a month, especially during the summer and winter seasons when it is running every day. You will also want to have annual maintenance performed at least once a year. Both filter and coil maintenance are essential in keeping the heat pump running efficiently. Dirty components can reduce airflow through the system, which can affect performance and eventually lead to compressor damage.

A Heat Pump Maintenance List

Don’t Set Back the Thermostat 

Try not to manually set back the heat pump’s thermostat at night or when you are away. The electric resistance backup heat will engage if the thermostat is raised, which will result in more energy consumed. You might consider installing a programmable thermostat, which will help with certain systems.

How Not to Use Your Heat Pump Thermostat

Outdoor Protection 

Protecting the outdoor unit is important. High winds will reduce efficiency and will also cause defrost problems. There are several options for protecting the outdoor unit from the elements including planting shrubs or tall plants around the perimeter. Never place a fence around the outdoor unit as this might result in the recirculation of air over the coils.

Remember if you ever have any questions regarding your heat pump – or need repair work, Cassel Home Comfort specialized in heat pump problems. Give us a call today at (217) 866-1596and we’ll set up a service call.